Phylogeography and chromosome number variation in Micranthes nelsoniana and related species (Saxifragaceae) in Northeast Asia

Fukuda T., Ishikawa N., Chernyagina O.A., Barkalov V.Y., Taran A.A., Yakubov V.V., Marchuk E.A., Linnik E.V., Tamaki I.

В журнале Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society

Год: 2023 ArticleID: boad053

Micranthes nelsoniana possesses multiple different variants and numerous chromosomes. Based on the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and chloroplast (cp)DNA sequences, the phylogeography of M. nelsoniana and its relatives in Northeast Asia was investigated, with extensive sampling around the Kuril Islands. The Arctic–Asian continent and a clade of marginal islands were the two main groupings that comprised the ITS phylogenetic tree. The island clade was separated into five well-supported clades: Kamchatka and Hokkaido highlands, Kuril–Aleutian Islands, southern Kuril Islands, Japanese archipelago, and Primorye region. Micranthes fusca was found in Japan and in the southern Kuril Islands. It is a separate species that created several types of hybrids between M. nelsoniana in the centre of the Kuril Islands based on a comparison of the ITS and cpDNA networks. Micranthes nelsoniana and M. ohwii appear to have hybridized in the northern Kuril Islands. Cytological investigation on the local species of M. nelsoniana showed that the chromosomal numbers are: 2n = 24, 26, 28, 30, 50, and 80. Among them, two usual numbers to this area, 2n = 24 and 50, appear to encourage interspecific gene exchange. The genomes of Hokkaido plants with high chromosome counts were cloned, revealing that they contained genes of both continental and marginal origins. This study revealed the crucial role of marginal islands along Northeast Asia in the genetic diversity of M. nelsoniana and related species.

DOI 10.1093/botlinnean/boad053