Biosynthesis of functional silver nanoparticles using callus and hairy root cultures of Aristolochia manshuriensis

Yugay Y.A., Sorokina M.R., Grigorchuk V.P., Rusapetova T.V., Silant’ev V.E., Egorova A.E., Adedibu P.A., Kudinova O.D., Vasyutkina E.A., Ivanov V.V., Karabtsov A.A., Mashtalyar D.V., Degtyarenko A.I., Grishchenko O.V., Kumeiko V.V., Bulgakov V.P., Shkryl Y.N.

В журнале Journal of Functional Biomaterials

Год: 2023 Том: 14 Выпуск: 9 ArticleID: 451

This study delves into the novel utilization of Aristolochia manshuriensis cultured cells for extracellular silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) synthesis without the need for additional substances. The presence of elemental silver has been verified using energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, while distinct surface plasmon resonance peaks were revealed by UV-Vis spectra. Transmission and scanning electron microscopy indicated that the AgNPs, ranging in size from 10 to 40 nm, exhibited a spherical morphology. Fourier-transform infrared analysis validated the abilty of A. manshuriensis extract components to serve as both reducing and capping agents for metal ions. In the context of cytotoxicity on embryonic fibroblast (NIH 3T3) and mouse neuroblastoma (N2A) cells, AgNPs demonstrated varying effects. Specifically, nanoparticles derived from callus cultures exhibited an IC50 of 2.8 µg/mL, effectively inhibiting N2A growth, whereas AgNPs sourced from hairy roots only achieved this only at concentrations of 50 µg/mL and above. Notably, all studied AgNPs’ treatment-induced cytotoxicity in fibroblast cells, yielding IC50 values ranging from 7.2 to 36.3 µg/mL. Furthermore, the findings unveiled the efficacy of the synthesized AgNPs against pathogenic microorganisms impacting both plants and animals, including Agrobacterium rhizogenes, A. tumefaciens, Bacillus subtilis, and Escherichia coli. These findings underscore the effectiveness of biotechnological methodologies in offering advanced and enhanced green nanotechnology alternatives for generating nanoparticles with applications in combating cancer and infectious disorders.

DOI 10.3390/jfb14090451