Recent advances in the understanding of Agrobacterium rhizogenes-derived genes and their effects on stress resistance and plant metabolism.

Bulgakov V.P., Shkryl Y.N., Veremeichik G.N., Gorpenchenko T.Y., Vereshchagina Y.V.

В журнале Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology

Год: 2013 Том: 134 Страницы: 1-22

It is commonly accepted that the plant pathogens Agrobacterium rhizogenes and Agrobacterium tumefaciens, acting via their T-DNA oncogenes, disturb hormone metabolism or hormone perception pathways in plants, thereby attaining their aim of successful pathogenesis. In this work, we summarize recent data on the A. rhizogenes rolC and rolB oncogenes in comparison to the A. tumefaciens 6b oncogene with respect to their effects on the physiology of transformed cells. The newly discovered functions of the rol genes include the modulation of secondary metabolism, the modulation of levels of intracellular ROS and stress resistance of transformed cells, changed sucrose metabolism, and the inhibition of programmed cell death. We show that the rol genes do not have suppressive effects on plant innate immunity; rather, these genes activate plant defense reactions. The existence of not only the hormone-related mechanism of pathogenicity but also the defense-related mechanism of pathogenicity during plant-Agrobacterium interactions is suggested.

DOI 10.1007/10_2013_179