CDPK-driven changes in the intracellular ROS level and plant secondary metabolism

Bulgakov V.P., Gorpenchenko T.Y., Shkryl Y.N., Veremeichik G.N., Mischenko N.P., Avramenko T.V., Fedoreyev S.A., Zhuravlev Y.N.

В журнале Bioengineered Bugs

Год: 2011 Том: 2 Номер: 6 Страницы: 327 - 330

Heterologous expression of a constitutively active calcium-dependent protein kinase (CDPK) gene was previously shown to increase secondary metabolite production in cultured cells of Rubia cordifolia, but the critical question of how CDPK activates secondary metabolism remains to be answered. In this article, we report that the expression of the Arabidopsis CDPK gene, AtCPK1, in R. cordifolia cells caused moderate and stable elevation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels. In contrast, the non-active, mutated AtCPK1 gene did not cause such an effect. The active AtCPK1 also increased cell size, likely by restricting cell division. These results are consistent with the model in which constitutive expression of AtCPK1 mimics the effects of elicitors, acting on secondary metabolism via the activation of ROS production. © 2011 Landes Bioscience.

DOI 10.4161/bbug.2.6.16803