H. Lotfalizadeh, A. Pourhaji and M.-R. Zargaran

Hymenopterous parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Braconidae, Eulophidae, Pteromalidae) of the alfalfa leafminers in Iran and their diversity.

Number: 288, Pages: 1 - 24

Alfalfa leafminers and their parasitoids were studied during 2008–2010 in the Northwest Iran. Alfalfa leafminers include five species that Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess), Chromatomyia horticola (Goureau) (Diptera: Agromyzidae) and Phyllonorycter medicaginella (Gerasimor) (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) were the most important. An illustrated key to leafminers based on symptoms is given. These species were parasitized with 15 hymenopterous parasitoids including three braconid, 10 eulophid and two pteromalid specis. Of which, two species of Braconidae ( Chorebus calthae Griffiths, Dacnusa heringi Griffiths), four Eulophidae ( Chrysocharis albicoxis Erdös, Chrysocharis crassiscapus (Thomson), Sympiesis xanthostoma (Nees), Diglyphus pachyneuron Graham) and one species of Pteromalidae ( Sphegigaster ineus Mitroiu) are reported for first time from Iran. An identification key to reared parasitoid species is given. The diversity of hymenopterous parasitoids is discussed.

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